Tuesday, June 8, 2010

Emergency Substitutions

Allspice(1 tsp)1 tsp. cinnamon plus 1/8 tsp. ground cloves.
Apple Pie Spice4 parts cinnamon, 1 part nutmeg and 1 part ginger.
Baking Powder (1 tsp)1 tsp baking soda plus 1/2 tsp cream of tartar.
Balsamic Vinegar (1 tbsp)1 Tbsp cider vinegar.
Bouquet GarniEqual measures of thyme, parsley and crushed bay leaf; OR Equal measures of thyme, chervil and crushed bay leaf; OR Equal measures of basil, marjoram, and summer savory.
Bread Crumbs (1/4 cup)1/4 cup finely crushed cracker crumbs, corn flakes or quick-cooking oats.
Butter (1 lb)7/8 Cup solid shortening plus 1/2 tsp. salt
Buttermilk/Sour Milk
(1 cup)
1 Tbsp lemon juice or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup. Let stand 5 minutes before using. Or use 1 cup plain yogurt.
Capers (1 tbsp)1 Tbsp chopped green olives.
Chili Seasoning2 parts chili powder &
1 part paprika.
 Semisweet (1 square)1 oz unsweetened baking chocolate plus 1 Tbsp sugar.
 Unsweetened (1 square)3 Tbsp baking cocoa plus
1 Tbsp shortening or margarine.
Cornstarch (1 tbsp)2 Tbsp flour or 4 tsp quick-cooking tapioca.
Corn Syrup
 - Light (1 cup)1 cup sugar plus 1/4 cup water.
-  Dark (1 cup)1 cup light corn syrup; 3/4 cup light corn syrup plus 1/4 cup molasses; or 1 cup maple-flavored syrup.
Creamheavy (1 cup)2/3 cup milk and 1/3 cup butter.
Curry PowderCombine equal parts coriander, cumin, pepper, turmeric, and ginger; 4 parts coriander, 2 parts tumeric, 2 parts cumin & 1 part ginger.
Eggs (1 large)2 egg whites; 1/4 cup store-bought egg whites; 2 egg yolks (for custard or puddings); or 2 egg yolks plus 1 Tbsp water (for cookies or bars);
1 tsp. cornstarch;. or 4 extra tbs. of whatever liquid was used in the recipe.
- All-purpose (1 cup)1 cup plus 2 Tbsp cake flour.
- Cake (1 cup)1 cup minus 2 Tbsp all-purpose flour.
- Self-rising (1 cup)1 cup all-purpose flour plus
1 1/2 tsp baking powder and 1/2 tsp salt.
Garlic, finely chopped
(1 medium clove)
1/8 tsp garlic powder or 1/4 tsp instant minced garlic or 1/2 tsp garlic salt.
Gingerroot, grated or finely chopped (1 tsp)3/4 tsp ground ginger.
Herbs, chopped, fresh
(1 tbsp)
3/4 to 1 tsp dried herbs.
Herbes de Provence4 parts thyme, 4 parts savory,
2 parts lavender & 1 part rosemary.
Honey (1 cup)1 1/4 cups sugar plus 1/4 cup water or liquid used in recipe.
Ketchup1 cup of tomato sauce, 1 1/4 cups brown sugar, 2 tbs. vinegar, 1/4 tsp. cinnamon, pinch of ground cloves and allspice.
Leeks, sliced (1/2 cup)1/2 cup sliced shallots or green onions.
Lemon, medium 11 tsp. grated rind plus 2 tbs. lemon juice.
Lemon Juice, fresh (1 tbsp)1 Tbsp bottled lemon juice or white vinegar.
Lemon Peel, grated (1 tsp)1 tsp dried lemon peel.
Milk (1 cup)1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water; or nonfat dry milk prepared as directed on package with 2 1/2 tsp melted butter added.
Molasses (1 cup)1/2 cup honey (flavor will be milder).
Mushrooms, fresh
(1 cup cooked)
1 can (4 oz) mushroom stems and pieces, drained.
Mushrooms (1/2 pound)4 oz. canned mushroom caps or 1 1/2 oz dried mushrooms.
Mustard (1 Tbsp)1 tsp ground mustard (dry).
Onion, small 11 tbs. instant minced or 1 tsp. onion powder.
Orange Peel, grated (1 tsp)1 tsp dried orange peel.
Oregano (1 tsp)1 tsp. marjoram.
Poultry SeasoningEqual parts sage, thyme, oregano and marjoram.
Pumpkin Pie Spice4 parts cinnamon, 2 parts ginger, 1 part nutmeg, 1 part allspice and dash of cloves.
Red Pepper Sauce (3 or 4 drops) be careful, HOT!1/8 tsp ground red pepper (cayenne).
Seasoning Salt1 cup salt, 2 1/4 teaspoons paprika, 2 teaspoons dry mustard, 1 teaspoon dried oregano, 1 teaspoon garlic powder, and 1/2 teaspoon onion powder.
Sesame Seeds (1 tbsp)1 Tbsp finely chopped blanched almonds.
Shortening, melted (1 cup)1 cup salad oil (cannot be substituted for 1 cup solid shortening)
Sour Cream (1 cup)1 cup plain yogurt.
Sugar, brown, packed
(1 cup)
1 cup granulated sugar plus 2 Tbsp molasses or dark corn syrup.
Sugar, granulated
(1 cup)
1 cup light brown sugar (packed) or 2 cups powdered sugar.
Sugar, superfineBlend regular granulated sugar in the blender.
Tomato Paste (1/2 cup)1 cup tomato sauce cooked uncovered till reduced to l/2 cup.
Tomato Sauce (2 cups)3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water.
Tomatoes, canned (1 cup)About 1 1/3 cups cut-up fresh tomatoes, simmered 10 min.
Vanilla ExtractGrated lemon rind, orange rind, cinnamon or nutmeg combined with a small amount of the liquid called for in the recipe to make up the amount of vanilla extract specified in the recipe.
Whipping Cream (1 cup)1 cup frozen (thawed) whipped topping or 1 cup prepared whipped topping mix.
Wine, Red (1 cup)1 cup apple cider or beef broth.
Wine, White (1 cup)1 cup apple juice, apple cider or chicken broth.
Yeast, regular or quick active dry (1 pkg or
1/4 oz)
2 1/4 tsp regular or quick active dry or 1 package (6 oz) compressed cake yeast.

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